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Contests

Practice Contest 2020

Problems & Answers

Sources:

 

This round features problems on two languages from opposite sides of the world. One of them is a Dravidian language of India. Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people in South and Southeast Asia. This is the sixth largest language family in the world by number of speakers. The other language is from a much smaller language family, Macro-Jê. This language family contains about 20 languages, which are spoken by around 50,000 people in Brazil.

Macro-Jê languages
Kaingang
Dravidian languages
Kannada

1. Kannada

Here are recordings of 30 Kannada numbers in a random order. The numbers are (in ascending order):

11, 14, 16, 28, 31, 44, 51, 54, 55, 56, 58, 61, 62, 64, 65,
67, 68, 69, 71, 78, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 88, 91, 94, 96, 98.

(a) Determine the correct correspondences:

(b) Write in digits:

(!) Kannada is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly in Karnataka in southwest India. The language has roughly 45 million native speakers.

2. Kaingang

Here are some words and compounds in Kaingang and their English translations:

Word or compound

Translation

ema mag

city

eman

to inhabit

epry mag

road

fag pe

pine tree branch

fe

heart, chest

fe mag

strong

garinh fi

hen

goj

river

jegmi

to squeeze

jog

father

jykre ha

kindness

jykre koreg

wickedness

kafy

life, pulse

Word or compound

Translation

kakra

uncle

kavaru pani sor

camel

ko ha

tasty

kri

mountain, tip

krin

to lead

mig

jaguar

monh ko

Indian Day

pani

back

pyn

snake

regre

two

sin

to decrease

un si

baby

vaso

void

Using the form below, you can check whether a combination of two or three Kaingang words is a valid compound. If you find a valid compound, the form will tell you its meaning in English. The form will not translate single Kaingang words!

When you have entered a combination of Kaingang words, either click the button to the right of the input field or press Enter.

(a) Translate into English:

(b) Translate each of the following words into Kaingang, using a single word. You cannot verify your answers to this task using the form.

(c) Translate each of the following words into Kaingang, using a combination of two or three words. You can verify your answers to this task using the form.

(!) Kaingang is a Macro-Jê language spoken by around 18,000 Kaingang people in Brazil. The spelling system used in this problem has been simplified.

Indian Day is an official holiday in Brazil that recognizes and honors the indigenous peoples of the country. Kaingang people traditionally eat beef on this day.

Answer key: hideshow